Facts & Figure

City Profile

Vienna is the capital of Austria, with more than 1.8 million inhabitants. It is the second largest city in the German-speaking world.

Population of Vienna by nationality 2018

As of January 1st 2018, Vienna accommodates people of 181 different nationalities. The Austrian share of the total population constitutes 70.4%, followed by Serbians at 4.1%. At 2.4% respectively, the Turkish and Germans are ranked third among nationalities represented in Austria.

Population density

Vienna has an average population density of 46 people per hectare. The districts with the highest and lowest population densities are Margareten with 276.6 people per hectare and Hietzing with 14.4 people per hectare.

Residential areas

Being one of the fastest growing cities in Europe, Vienna is expected to reach over 2,000,000 inhabitants by 2025. The average housing space amounts to 35m2 per resident, with an average number of 2.07 residents per apartment.


In 2017/18, approximately 95 % of all children below the age of six who attend Vienna’s pre-school education institutions made use of childcare facilities, with opening hours which allow for their parents to work full-time.

In 2016/17, Vienna had a total of 235,295 pupils across various different types of school and 196,455 university students. Being the largest university city in a German-speaking country, the number of students has been growing steadily over the past years.

Traffic and transport

In 2017, more than 960 million passengers used public transportation in Vienna. The public transport system operates a network length of 950 km using 161 different lines. The percentage of people using public transport has increased by 10% over the last 25 years.

Another alternative which the city provides in order to reduce car usage is 1,379 km of cycle paths, which are becoming more popular every year.

Culture and leisure

The Austrian Capital is rich in history and culture, which contributes to the high quality of life. There are around 50 theatres, 4 opera houses and more than 100 museums, to mention just a few cultural highlights. As for leisure, 50 percent of Vienna’s geographical area consists of green spaces, including 1,721 playgrounds and 989 public parks, which are accessible to everyone.

Diplomatic Hub

The UN Headquarters, as well as over 40 international organizations and institutes, are based in Vienna – this includes the IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency), the UNIDO (United Nations Industrial Development Organization) and OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries). Altogether, there are 10,000 diplomats and international officials living and working in Vienna.

Popular travel destination

Nearly 7 million people visited Vienna in 2016 of which 80% were international visitors. The city is also one of the world’s leading conference locations with more than 2,400 international congresses and events per year.

Top performance in global rankings

Vienna was ranked eight times as the most livable city worldwide (Mercer Quality of Living Survey). According to the Smart City Index 2017, the capital of Austria is the smartest city in the world. Furthermore, it is among the world’s ten most economically powerful cities, as reported by the Global Economic Power Index.

Source: Brochure Vienna in Figures 2018